Evaluasi Aspek Lingkungan Tebing Breksi Menggunakan Indikator Sustainable Tourism UNWTO

Andreas Yogi Prasetyo

Abstract


Endowed with stunning natural beauty, Sleman has become a destination increasingly flooded by tourists from year to year. The rapid development of tourism does have a positive impact, especially on the economic side, but on the other hand, it can have a negative impact if the management does not prioritize the principles of sustainable tourism. The type of tourism that can be affected is tourism that relies on nature as its main attraction, Cliff of Breksi is one of them. Cliff of Breksi has experienced rapid development in terms of the number of tourist visits, but it has never been examined whether its management is following the principle of sustainability. The objectives of this research are:  a) to identify the management of the environmental aspects of Cliff of Breksi, whether it is following the indicators of sustainable tourism from The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and b) determine what things need to be improved so that management can be more optimal. The research method used is a descriptive qualitative method. Research data were collected through in-depth interviews and observations. The results of the study indicate that the manager has so far had awareness and understanding in applying the principles of sustainable tourism as in the indicators of UNWTO sustainable tourism.

Keywords: evaluation of nature tourism, indicator, sustainable tourism


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ap, J., & Crompton, J. L. (1998). Developing and testing a tourism impact scale. Journal of Travel Research, 37(2), 120–130.

Briassoulis, H. (2001). Sustainable development and its indicators: Through a glass darkly. Jurnal Environmental Planning and Management, 44(3), 409–427.

Bums, P. & Holden, A. (1995). Tourism: a new perspective. London: Prentice Hall.

Choi & Sirikaya. (2006). Sustainability indicators for managing community tourism. Jurnal Tourism Management 27, 1274–1289.

Crabtree, B., & Bayfield, N. (1998). Developing sustainability indicators for mountain ecosystems: A study of the Cairgorms, Scotland. Jurnal Environmental Management, 52(1), 1–14.

Dinas Pariwisata DIY. (2016). Statistik Kepariwisataan 2016. Yogyakarta.

Fandeli, C. (1995). Dimensi Konservasi, pendidikan dan kerakyatan dalam Ekoturisme. Majalah Suaka nomor 4, Juli-September 1995 Jakarta.

Fandeli, C, Et Al. (2000). Pengusahaan Wisata alam. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Goodwin, H. (1996). Terestia Ecotorism. Universirty of Kent. United Kingdom.

Hunter, H., & Green, H. (1995). Tourism and the environment: A sustainable relationship?. London and New York: Routledge.

Li, W. (2004). Environmental management indicators for ecotourism in China’s nature reserves: a case study in Tianmushan Nature Reserve. Tourism Management, 25(5), 559–564.

Milles, B.B, & Huberman, A., M. (1992). Analisa Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: UI Press.

Moleong, L. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosadakarya.

Moleong, L.. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosadakarya.

Mulyana, D. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nasution. (2003). Metode Penelitian Naturalistik Kualitatif. Bandung: Tarsito.

National Park Service. (1997). Visitor experience and resource protection (VERP) framework: A handbook for planners and managers. Denver. CO: Denver Service Center.

Nelson, J.G., Butler, R. and Wall, G. (1993). Tourism and sustainable development : monitoring, planning, managing. Department of Geography Publications Series No.37. Waterloo, Canada: University of Waterloo.

Pujosuwarno, S. (1992). Petunjuk Praktis Pelaksanaan Konseling. Yogyakarta: Menara Mas Offset.

Sukmadinata, N., S. (2006). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Rosdakarya.

Tsaur & Lin. (2006). Evaluating ecotourism sustainability from the integrated perspective of resource, community and tourism. Tourism Management 27, 640–653.

WTO (World Tourism Organization). (1993). Indicators for the sustainable management of tourism. Report of the international working group on indicators of sustainable tourism to the Environment Committee. Madrid, Spain: World Tourism Organization.

World Tourism Organization (WTO). (2004a). Indicator of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations. Diakses pada: https://www.world-tourism.org

World Tourism Organization (WTO). (2004b). Global Code of Ethics for Tourism (GCET). Diakses pada: https://www.world-tourism.org


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Pascasarjana, Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Ambarrukmo Yogyakarta